Footnotes for Letters 36 - 44: 1861 -1865 - The Civil War Years (revised 11/3/2006)

Keep this reference page open as you read letters 36 - 45.

Letter 36
1. 1862
2. Elizabeth Watts (1795-1876), Margaret's mother.
3. Linville Hays (1821-Before 1910), Upton's brother.
4. Mariam Hays McMurtry (1826-About 1880), Upton's sister.
5. John Nathan Hays
6. Mary Elizabeth Hays
7. Samuel Hays (1824-1872), Upton's brother.
8. Amazon Hays (1820-After 1880) Upton's brother.
9. Saline Co., Missouri to the east of Jackson Co.
10. Kansas Abolitionists
11. Col. Upton Hays (1831-1862)
12. Price’s Army of Missouri State Guards.
13. Blue – the Mt. Pleasant area of northern Cass Co., Missouri
14. Richard D. Berry (1809-1863). The family lived in the Mt. Pleasant area of Cass Co., Missouri and had lived next door to the Watts family. He was a cousin of Elizabeth Watts. He was killed by Kansas marauders in 1863.
15. Vaughn
16. Keeney – The Keeneys had been neighbors of Margaret and Elizabeth Watts when they lived in the Mt. Pleasant area of northern Cass Co., Missouri.
17. Clayton Bane (1823-?), also in the Mt. Pleasant, Cass Co. area was married to Margaret’s sister-in-law, Martha Moore Yocum Bane. Margaret’s nephews, Travis and Matthew Berry Yocum lived there with their mother.
18. William Bryant (1795 – 1861). The family lived in Jackson Co. on the border of Cass Co. One son, George was married to a relative, Elizabeth Lobb, and another son, Chapman , was married to a friend, Susannah Guthrie Moore.
19. Burney. The Burneys had also been neighbors of the Watts in Mt. Pleasant. A son, James Adam Burney was married to Margaret’s friend, America Drucilla Moore.
20. Quill (Aquilla J.) Davis (1816-1896) He and his wife Elizabeth Burney and children lived in the Mt. Pleasant, Cass Co., area
21. Black Republican or Abolitionist
22. Samuel Hays
23. James B. Yager ( 1809-1883) Jackson County Judge and former Missouri State Representative. He was married to Margaret's mother's sister, Mary B. Berry Yager and was also a consin of her mother.
24. Dick was Richard Francis Yager (1839-1864), Uncle Jemmy Yager’s son, became a 2nd Lt. Of Co. K, 12th Missouri Cavalry. He joined Quantrill’s Guerillas after his and his father’s houses were looted and burned by Jayhawkers.
25. Richard Yager’s wife was Martha J. Muir and her father was probably William Muir who had a farm near Independence. She was a reative of Upton Hays.
26. Jane Upton Hays (1862-1945)
27. Laurinda and Linville Hays. The child was Linville Wiley Hays born 7 Jan 1862.
28. Rebecca Berry Hays (1828-1873), Margaret's cousin and sister-in-law. The child was Louisa D. Hays born 7 January 1862.
29. Mary Cunningham
30. Pregnancy
31. Elizabeth Ewing Berry Yocum Watts

Letter 37

33.  Upton Hays to Margaret Watts Hays

34.  Amazon Hays

35.  Mary Cunningham

36.  Peter Lewis Utz (1831-1915). Upton hired him to stay with his family during the Civil War. He emigrated to California and lived with relatives of Margaret and in 1891 married Upton's niece, Mary Agnes McMurtry (1842-1916)

37.  Actually a daughter

38.  Upton was serving as a Lieutenant Colonel, Company E., 1st Regiment, with the Missouri State Guards.

39.  Probably Darius Gregg (1836-?) a friend of Upton's who lived with his wife Mary and their children near Independence.

Letter 38

40.  General Price had retreated with the Missouri State Guards to Arkansas.

41.  Margaret Jane Watts Hays

42.  Peter Lewis Utz

43.  Mary Cunningham

44.  Samuel Hays

45.  Andy (1842-?), a young slave

46.  Kenford

47.  in Cooke Co., Texas, north of present day Dallas.

48.  Ft. Smith, Sebastian Co., Arkansas.

49.  Money owing him from his business as a wagonmaster.

50.  Alexander Jackson Majors (1814-1900) Most famous for founding the Pony Express, he was a Jackson Co., Missouri business man who was a freightor. Upton had worked for his firm of Russell, Majors and Waddell as a wagonmaster. (see for a brief history of his life.

Letter 39
51.  Col. Upton Hays to Margaret Jane Watts Hays.  In March 1862, Union Major-General Halleck issued General Order Number 2.  This order charged General Price with having issued military commissions to certain bandits” who were being sent to form guerilla organizations in the State of Missouri.  It further declared that all members of such organizations as outside the rules of warfare.  These men would not be treated as prisoners of war, but rather would be summarily hung or shot, as the case often proved.  Commanders of neighboring districts quickly issued comparably ruthless orders. (Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans).

Letter 40

52.  Elizabeth Watts

53.  Missouri men who had banded together to oppose the depredations of the Jayhawkers who were raiding from Kansas.

54.  William Quantrill (1837-1865) He led a band of Bushwackers on a series of raids into Kansas and was declared an outlaw by the Union Army.  He became a Captain in the Confederate Army in 1862. He was closely associated with Col. Upton Hays and quite a few of his men came from Hays' 2nd (12th) Missouri Cavalry  

55.  Feds Union Troops

56.  Germans immigrants

57.  On June 14, 1862, Captain William E. Leffington, 1st Iowa Cavalry,  reported that Lt. Raney had a skirmish with the rebels.  “The rebels were commanded by Colonel Upton Hays, whose shoulder is broken, and he is a prisoner at Butler.  Captain Ballard and 3 privates are also prisoners at that post.”  (Official Records, Series 1, vol. 13, Part 1, Missouri-Arkansas Campaign, This was most likely another man who was mis-identified by the Union officers, a not uncommon occurance.  

58. General Stirling “Old Pap” Price (1809-1867)

59.  Linville Hays

60.  John, Betty, Fleda the older Hays children

61.  Jane Upton Hays

62.  James B. Yager

63. Clayton Bane. He joined the Confederate Army.

64. Travis T. Yocum ( 1844-1862), Margaret's nephew.

65. Thomas A. Yocum (1840-1862), Margaret's nephew.

66.  John Edward Berry (1842-1836), Margaret's nephew. (see the publication "Freeman at 100" for a personal account of his Civil War activities.)

67.  James Samuel Berry (1840-1916), Margaret's nephew.

68.  Gen. Sterling “Pap” Price (1809-1867)

69.  Richard C. Berry

70.  Mrs. Duncan. Probably Mahala Foster Duncan (1806-1866) of Mt. Pleasant, Cass Co., Missouri.

71.  Elizabeth Ramsey Berry.  Her husband, Richard D. Berry had been killed by Jayhawkers, 22 Mar 1862 at High Blue, Cass Co., MO.

72.  Charles  Duncan (1799- 1866)

73.  Probably Redmond (Redman) Duncan (1842-?) a son of Charles and Mahala Duncan.

74.  Richard Francis Yager's wife was  Martha J. Muir Yager (and their daughter, Mary Louisa Yager). Her parents were probably William and Matilda Davenport Muir.

75.  Uncle John Berry had died in 1854 but three of his sons, Caleb Ewing Berry,  Lt.  James Tate Berry and Sgt. Robert Mitchell Berry served in the Union Army during the Civil war. They lived in Osage Co., Missouri.

76.  Black Republican loyal Union supporters.

77.  Caleb Ewing Berry (1831-1861)

78. Margaret Mitchell Berry Dunham.  The sons were probably John, Caleb, Edward and Samuel  Dunham.

79. Able bodied men were required to serve in the Union Army.

80. George Washington Rowland

81.  Lawrence, Kansas

82.  John Bunyan Rowland

83. Rev. Andrew Gray Nugent (1817-after 1880) of Cass Co., Missouri led a State Guard (Union) company.

84.  Eliza Watts Dickerson (1813-after 1900), the wife of William R. Dickerson of Fayette, Howard Co., Missouri. Margaret referred to her as "sister". She had five sons old enough to have served in the Civil War: Warrington, Marion, Grant, John and Paul.

85. Capt. Robert Mitchell Berry (1818-1913) led a company of Missouri State Guards (Confederate) from Callaway Co., Missouri

86.  James B. Yager

87.  Col. Upton Hays was recruiting men for the Confederate Army.

88.  William F.(T.) Burton (1824-1903), a cousin of Margaret's..

Letter 41

89. Major General Thomas C. Hindman (1828-1868), Confederate Army

90. Capt. James B. Simpson (1811-1869), 12th Missouri Cavalry. Because of his age he was used as a messenger and spy.  Captured in 1863, he was imprisoned until the end of the war. (Bonnie Simpson Velko, Allen Simpson and his Descendents,, 2003)

91. Capt. William Clarke Quantrill (1837-1865) The famous leader of a Partisan Ranger company, Quantrill's Guerilla's. Upton Hays turned over the command of the Jackson Co., Missouri, Partisan Rangers to Quantrill in 1862 and many of Margaret's and Upton's relatives served in his command..

92.  Richard Berry (1835-?) the son of Margaret's Uncle Caleb Ewing Berry and Upton's brother-in-law or Richard C. Berry, Jr. Margaret's uncle..

93.  Frank Thomas was a partner of Upton.

94. Samuel Hays

95. Colonel of the 2nd Missouri Cavalry, Confederate States Army

96. Heineman

97.  Arkansas

98.  Newtonia,  Newton Co., Missouri

Letter 42

99.  bed

100. Dr. Pleasant John Graves Lea (1807-1862) of Lees Summit, Jackson Co., MO

101. Mrs. Duncan. Mahala Foster Duncan (1806-1866)

102. Redman Duncan (1842-1888). A son of Mahala Foster and Charles Duncan.

103. General Stirling Price, CSA

104. Thomas A. Yocum, Travis T. Yocum, James Samuel Berry, John Edward Berry

105. Richard C. Berry

106. Battle of  Independence, Jackson Co., Missouri, 11 Aug 1862 (

107. Battle of Lone Jack, Jackson Co., Missouri 15-16 Aug 1862 (

108. General  (Old Pap) Price, CSA

109. Letty Watts Rowland

110. Eliza Dickerson

111. Richard Francis Yager

112. Martha J. Muir Yager

113. Mary B. Berry Yager

114. Mary Elizabeth Hays

115. George Bryant

116. Elizabeth Ann Lobb Bryant (1840-?), Dick Yager's cousin and a distant relative of Mararet.

117. Mary Agnes McMurtry

Letter 43

118. Col. Upton Hays  On September 12, 1862 he was killed while leading his men toward a Union Army picket near Newtonia. According to his men, he spurred his horse ahead of and out of sight of his troops taking only one man, Si Porter,  with him. Porter reported that Upton Hays charged directly at the picket who raised his rife and fired. Upton's pistol misfired, and the sentry's bullet hit him in the head. He was buried by his friends near Newtonia. The Union flag he had taken at Westport was used as the lining of hes coat and was buried with him.

119. Linville Hays

120. Samuel Hays

121. Thomas A. Yocum

122. Travis T. Yocum

123. General Price, CSA

124. Battle of Corinth, Mississippi 3-4 October, 1862 (

125. James Samuel Berry

126. John Edward Berry

127. Clayton Bane

128. Missouri

129. Jane Bowlar Yocum Young (1827-before 1880), her husband was William W. Young and she was the widow of Margaret's half-brother Jesse Yocum.

130. Missouri

131. Richard Francis Yager

132. John Berry

133. Caleb Ewing Berry

134. ElizaC. Watts Dickerson, her four older sons were Warrington, Marion, Grant and John B. Dickerson.

135. Van Hays (1820-1864), Upton's cousin.

136. Phebe Stevens Hays (1791-1886), the widow of William Hays, Jr., Upton's uncle.

137. Seth Hays (1811-1873), Upton's cousiin,  had a trading post at Council Grove on the Santa Fe Trail.

138. New Mexico Territory

139. Eliza Wilcox Hays Word (1820-1902) of Fort Smith, Sebastian Co., Arkansas, Upton's cousin.

140. Letty Watts Rowland (1821-1910) Margaret's half-sister.

141. Dick Berry

142. Alfred Hornbuckle.  His sister was married to Richard Crump, a cousin of Upton's

142a. Dogtown (Magalia), Butte Co., California (see for the history of Dogtown)

143. Richard Samuel Kimberlin (1809-1862)

144. Henry Farmer

145. Cass Co., Missouri

Letter 44

146. Travis T. Yocum

147. Thomas A. Yocum

148. Linville Hays

149. Sam Hays

150. Jane Upton Hays

151. John Nathan and Mary Elizabeth Hays

152.  Probably William F. Burton

153. Mary Cunningham

154. Laurenda Holloway Hays (1827-1890), Margaret and Upton's sister-in-law, married to Linville Hays.

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